Nasturtium (Tropaeolum) - plants - October 2017
Tropaeolum, commonly known as nasturtium, is a genus of roughly 80 species of annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants. Nasturtium is an annual flower that is popular as an introduction to gardening. They are vigorous and can grow as either vine-like or compact bushy plants. The leaves are nearly round, and the flowers are bright oranges and yellows with long spurs behind them. Nasturtiums are a native of Peru, brought by Spanish conquistadors to Spain early in the sixteenth century. This bright yellow, orange or red flower traveled to England at the end of the sixteenth century as a decorative plant. Monet's famous garden at Giverny was laden with nasturtiums as they fit the impressionist style of shimmering, blurred colors and spilled over pathways like enthusiastic brush strokes. The flower gets it's name from the Latin nasusm (nose) and tortus (twisted) because their smell makes the nose wrinkle or twist Nasturtium buds may be picked in late Spring and pickled for use in salads as a replacement for capers. Many varieties trail or climb. The plant's Latin name, Tropaeolum, comes from the shield or circular shape of the plant's large leaves. Nasturtium has a reputation for promoting the formation of red blood cells, and it’s been used in folk medicine as a remedy against scurvy. It has been used as a remedy for hair loss and to stimulate hair growth Nasturtium has long been used in Andean herbal medicine as a disinfectant and wound-healing herb, and as an expectorant to relieve chest conditions. All parts of the plant appear to be antibiotic and an infusion of the leaves can be used to increase resistance to bacterial infections and to clear nasal and bronchial catarrh The remedy seems to both reduce catarrh formation and stimulate the clearing and coughing up of phlegm === Other common names: garden nasturtium greater Indian-cress Indian cress nasturtium === Scientific classification e Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Brassicales Family: Tropaeolaceae Juss. ex DC. Genus: Tropaeolum === Background music: Super Mario Galaxy 2 Soundtrack - Starshine Beach
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